There are two types of higher education or universities in The Netherlands; the Research universities and Universities of applied sciences.
- Research universities comprise of General universities, Specialized universities (engineering and agriculture), and Open universities.
- Universities of applied sciences include the General institutions and those who specialize in specific disciplines such as Teacher Training, Agriculture, Fine and Performing arts.
The primary role of Research universities is offering of research-based programmes, while preparation of students for job-based training and higher professional qualification is the responsibility of Universities of applied sciences.
The Dutch higher education system is similar to what is obtained around the world where students are trained for the award of Bachelor, Master, and Ph.D. degrees.